Showing posts with label flowmeter. Show all posts
Showing posts with label flowmeter. Show all posts

Introduction to Flowmeters

magnetic flowmeters
Magnetic flowmeters
(courtesy of Siemens)
Flowmeters measure the rate or quantity of moving fluids, in most cases liquid or gas, in an open channel or closed conduit. There are two basic flow measuring systems: those which produce volumetric flow measurements and those delivering a weight or mass based measurement. These two systems, required in many industries such as power, chemical, and water, can be integrated into existing or new installations.

Turbine flow meter
Turbine flow meter
internal view
(courtesy of Niagara)
For successful integration, the flow measurement systems can be installed in one of several methods, depending upon the technology employed by the instrument. For inline installation, fittings that create upstream and downstream connections that allow for flowmeter installation as an integral part of the piping system. Another configuration, direct insertion, will have a probe or assembly that extends into the piping cross section. There are also non-contact instruments that clamp on the exterior surface of the piping add gather measurements through the pipe wall without any contact with the flowing media.

Because they are needed for a variety of uses and industries, there are multiple types of flowmeters classified generally into four main groups: mechanical, inferential, electrical, and other.
Variable Area Flowmeters
Variable Area Flowmeters
(courtesy of Siemens)

Quantity meters, more commonly known as positive displacement meters, mass flowmeters, and fixed restriction variable head type flowmeters all fall beneath the mechanical category. Fixed restriction variable head type flowmeters use different sensors and tubes, such as orifice plates, flow nozzles, and venturi and pitot tubes.

Inferential flowmeters include turbine and target flowmeters, as well as variable area flowmeters also known as rotameters.

Laser doppler anemometers, ultrasonic flowmeters, and electromagnetic flowmeters are all electrical-type flowmeters.

For any flowmeter application or question, visit Ives Equipment at or call (877) 768-1600.

Compact Coriolis Flowmeter with NTEP Custody Transfer Approval

NTEP approval
NTEP approval for
custody transfer

When oil and gas are physically transferred from one operator to another, the term custody transfer is used to describe the transaction. It is understood as the transfer of fluid material defined by a metering device, at a given location, to another party. Custody transfer occurs at a variety of locations including from production platforms to ships, trucks, railcars, barges, and also at the final destination, such as the processing plant or refinery.

Accuracy is very important in custody transfer as both parties and instruments such as flowmeters must have approval by the organizations such as the American Petroleum Institute (API) or the National Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM).

The National Type Evaluation Program (NTEP) is an evaluation program overseen by the National Conference on Weights and Measures (NCWM). Manufacturers who carry NTEP approval comply with local state and government regulations regarding transactions selling, purchasing, exchanging, custody transfer, or establishing the cost for services on based on weight.

NTEP approval
Compact Coriolis flowmeter
with NTEP approval
Siemens has announced the SITRANS FC430 Coriolis flow meter now has National Type Evaluation Program (NTEP) CT approval for the USA and Canada. The approval is for both the measurement of volume and mass liquid flow, and offers high accuracy measurement with minimum of pressure loss. The SITRANS FC430's performance and custody transfer approval makes it an excellent fiscal metering tool for diverse industries such as oil and gas, petrochemical, and food and beverage.

For more information, contact:
Ives Equipment

Installing the Siemens SITRANS FUS1010 Clamp-on Industrial Flowmeter

This video explains the installation of the Siemens SITRANS FUS1010 clamp-on flow meter, including identifying and selecting flow sensors, choosing a mounting location, and flowmeter programming. 

The SITRANS FUS1010 is one of the most versatile clamp-on ultrasonic flowmeters available. Because it can operate in either WideBeam transit time or Doppler mode, there is no need to change the meter when operating conditions change. This makes it suitable for virtually any liquid, even those with high aeration or suspended solids.